Washington – In another in the growing chorus of warnings against a rise in protectionism, the head of the OECD said Wednesday governments should defend free trade by making their economies more, not less, inclusive.

“It is time to move from playing defense on trade to playing offense,” Angel Gurria, secretary-general of the 35-member Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, said in an address.

His remarks delivered in Minnesota came as the International Monetary Fund and World Bank prepare to kick off their semi-annual meetings in Washington this week, where defending open trade and multilateral cooperation feature as key themes.

With anti-free trade views on display in France’s presidential elections, Britain’s 2016 vote to leave the European Union, and President Donald Trump’s populist vows to erect retaliatory trade barriers, officials at major international financial institutions have expressed increasing dismay at rising protectionism.

Despite improving world economic growth, and the gains won through globalization and trade, IMF Managing Director Christine Lagarde last week warned of a “sword of protectionism” looming over the global economy.

© AFP MICHELE TANTUSSI Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development head Angel Gurria says governments should defend free trade by making their economies more, not less, inclusive

© AFP MICHELE TANTUSSI – Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development head Angel Gurria says governments should defend free trade by making their economies more, not less, inclusive